The Arizona Toad is a medium-sized (2-3 inch) plump toad, with
relatively smooth (for a toad) olive, brown to pink skin with dark spots on the
back. Usually the toad also has a light stripe or patch
on the head and back. They are primarily nocturnal, but can also be found
foraging by day and prefers to hop instead of walking.
Arizona Toads have enlarged glands
(called paratoid glands) on the side of the neck, behind each eye which
can secrete a viscous white poison as a defense against would be
The Arizona Toad typically lives in gravelly areas of streams
and arroyos in drier portion of range or on the sandy banks of quiet water in
other areas. The toad has scattered populations along the headwaters and
tributaries of the Colorado River from southwest Utah, southern Nevada, central
Arizona, and southwest New Mexico, into Mexico. The toads breed between
March - July & females lay strings of eggs in the bottom of pools. Tadpoles
consume plant matter and organic debris after they hatch, while the diet of
adults consists mainly of insects and snails.