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Arizona Toad

Natural History

The Arizona Toad is a medium-sized (2-3 inch) plump toad, with relatively smooth (for a toad) olive, brown to pink skin with dark spots on the back. Usually the toad also has a light stripe or patch on the head and back. They are primarily nocturnal, but can also be found foraging by day and prefers to hop instead of walking.

Arizona Toads have enlarged glands (called paratoid glands) on the side of the neck, behind each eye which can secrete a viscous white poison as a defense against would be predators.

The Arizona Toad typically lives in gravelly areas of streams and arroyos in drier portion of range or on the sandy banks of quiet water in other areas. The toad has scattered populations along the headwaters and tributaries of the Colorado River from southwest Utah, southern Nevada, central Arizona, and  southwest New Mexico, into Mexico. The toads breed between March - July & females lay strings of eggs in the bottom of pools. Tadpoles consume plant matter and organic debris after they hatch, while the diet of adults consists mainly of insects and snails.

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